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Military Leadership: Art or Science?

first_imgBy studying their writings, it is possible to infer that the fundamental differences between Clausewitz and Jomini are rooted in their different concepts of the historical process, as well as the nature and role of Military theory. Like Clausewitz, Jomini built his theories on foundations formulated during the Enlightenment, adding a fundamentally reductionist and predictive character to his approach. It is undeniable that Jomini made a significant contribution to the evolution of Military thinking in trying to explain the theory of war by giving it a scientific character, whose components were clearly classified and governed by immutable universal principles. By contrast, Jomini’s view of history and war was static and simplistic. The general consciously applied the scientific method, as he understood it, to his studies of Military history. As a result of these studies, he discovered what he thought were common behavioral paradigms in Military operations. These models of behavior were codified in axioms and principles to better instruct other officers in how to organize, plan, and conduct “modern” war and would subsequently take the form of a “code of conduct.” For Clausewitz, history must be seen in relative terms, thereby rejecting absolute categories, normalization, or standardization, and pre-established values. The past has to be accepted on its own terms; that is, the historian must try to get into the mindsets and attitudes of a given period, what he calls the “zeitgeist.” Since the study of Military history and strategy is one of the cornerstones of the training of staff officers at the Chilean Army’s War Academy, it is important to consider the theoretical underpinnings of the strategic thinking we seek to develop in our students. In this context, the theories of two of the most important Military thinkers of all time, Karl von Clausewitz and Antoine Henri Jomini, have dominated the classrooms of Military academies since the 19th century. Even today, their concepts fuel a debate that strikes at the heart of Military Sciences. By Dialogo March 04, 2016 History is a dynamic process of change, driven by forces that cannot be controlled. This historicism is particularly evident in two key issues of his work “On War” (1832), which are not made explicit in his earlier work, “Principles of War” (1812). They are that “war is a continuation of politics by other means” (organized violence) and that war may vary in form depending on the changing nature of the politics and the society in which it is fought. These proposals reflect a thorough understanding of the philosophers of his time – intelligently formulating the principles of Hegelian dialectics, and the essential principles of Emmanuel Kant’s pure reason and practical reason. It creates an understanding of the dialectic of war and reaches the conclusion that, even though in theory all war is absolute, in practice it never occurs in those terms. Competing views of war Clausewitz was a 19th century Prussian general and Military theorist. He was known for emphasizing the political and psychological aspects of armed conflict and was considered a realist who relied to a large degree on the concepts of rationality. Jomini was a Swiss Military officer who served as a general in the French and Russian Armed Forces in the 19th century, and known for his writings on the Napoleonic method of war. Both Military thinkers were influenced by the European Enlightenment. It therefore seems that through these two great minds of Military history we find the roots of the claim that Military leadership is both an art and a science. In their ideas we can see the conflicting visions that are apparent today, as this dilemma has in no way been resolved. Our knowledge and understanding of war is a science, but the act of war itself is largely an art. This will not change in the future, independent of scientific and technological advances. As in the past, the character of war will change, but the nature of war – as formulated by Clausewitz – will remain unchanged. Excellent reflection…in effect, war is art and science… I like the article but I don’t think the YES – NO assessment system is adequate. According to the article, Clausewitz himself mentions that “history must be seen in relative terms, thereby rejecting absolute categories.” Maybe it would be good to come up with another kind of system that isn’t so Manichaean. Cordial regards. Great overview of military thinkers who provide excellent reflections.last_img read more

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Lampard’s assistant: I have ‘utmost respect’ for Mourinho

first_imgJody Morris has insisted he retains the “utmost respect” for Jose Mourinho despite previously poking fun at the Tottenham boss on social media. Promoted Content8 Addictive And Fun Coffee FactsBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever Made8 Ways Drones Will Automate Our Future10 Phones That Can Easily Fit In The Smallest Pocket6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A DroneTop 10 Most Populated Cities In The World9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A TattooBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For Them6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually True2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This Year10 Risky Jobs Some Women DoA Soviet Shot Put Thrower’s Record Hasn’t Been Beaten To This Day Loading… Morris posted a video of himself jokingly pretending to cry on Instagram in November after Mourinho said he was “still worried” about Chelsea’s chances this term. Mourinho had revealed his fears for new boss Frank Lampard’s youthful squad, with the club having been unable to recruit in the summer due to their Fifa transfer ban. Morris hit back on social media, but has now moved to defend his post as a light-hearted reaction that does not detract from the high regard in which he holds Mourinho. “A lot of people misread my laughing at Jose’s comments,” said Morris. “Listen, I’ve got nothing but the utmost respect for Jose. “He’s an absolute legend and one of the best managers in the game. I personally was just laughing at the fact that he was worried whether we would be winning that much. “I don’t think he’s that bothered whether we’re winning that much. And neither should he be, as a pundit.” Chelsea’s assistant coach Morris insisted he took no greater delight in the Blues’ 2-0 win at Tottenham last month given Mourinho’s role as Spurs manager. Mourinho was out of a job when acting as a pundit for Sky Sports and making the comments about Chelsea that led to Morris’ social media post. But the former Chelsea manager endured an afternoon to forget against Lampard and Morris’ Blues, who stole a tactical march with a formation switch that led to the win on December “It’s always nice beating Spurs and Arsenal anyway,” said Morris. “To come out on top against Spurs And Arsenal is good, but you’ve got to go out and carry on this form and continue the momentum. “And that’s the most important thing about the games coming up, it’s not just about going and beating Arsenal and Spurs. read also; Mourinho brands Southampton coach ‘an idiot’ after being booked “The manger was quick to remind the players we need to get more points on the board and be more consistent. To get to where we want to be we’ve got to be more consistent.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 last_img read more

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Joe Boy Gets New Opponent for Commonwealth Title

first_imgNigeria’s Oto “Joe Boy” Joseph has got a new opponent for the Commonwealth Africa lightweight title fight at the GOtv Boxing Night 12.The new opponent, Israel Kammwamba of Malawi, replaces South Africa’s Dillon Youle who pulled out from the fight on account of injury.The event, which holds at the Indoor Sports Hall of the National Stadium, Lagos, will feature seven bouts, including three other international title bouts.The boxers are in line to earn a total of N20million in prize monies. The winner of the Mojisola Ogunsanya Memorial Award for the best boxer will go home with N2.5million. The two runners-up will win N1million and N500,000 respectively.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img