Indianapolis, Ind. — Indiana State Police say an Angola woman was killed in freak accident on I-465 in Marion County Monday.Crash reconstructionists determined Chad Hockett, 27, of Indianapolis, was northbound on I-465 south of I-74 when a rear tire came off the vehicle. The tire bounced across the median and struck the windshield of a vehicle driven by Crystal Emerick, 43. Emerick was transported to Eskenazi Hospital with serious injuries, she later died. Three other passengers suffered minor injuries.Hockett remained on the scene and cooperated completely with investigators. Investigators are analyzing the Hockett vehicle to determine why the wheel came off. Alcohol is not suspected.
The B&H basketball team will play against Latvia tomorrow in the hall ‘’Podmežakla’’ in Jesenica at 14:30. With this game, they will begin their performance for the European Championship, which will be held from 4-22 September in Slovenia.The group stage of the competition will be held in Ljubljana, Koper, Celje and Jesenica, and a total of 24 European teams will take part. The best B&H basketball players will perform in the B Group with Latvia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Lithuania.Players of coach Alexander Petrović prepared for the European Championships in Sarajevo, and at preparation tournaments in Slovenia, Germany and Greece.(Source: Fena)
Swansea City manager Michael Laudrup has played down reports the club could sell Danny Graham.QPR have made enquiries about the striker and are reported to be considering tabling a bid, while Norwich and Sunderland have also been linked with him.Laudrup recently suggested he would hold talks with Graham, which prompted speculation the player could be on his way out of the Liberty Stadium.But, speaking after his side’s Capital One Cup triumph at Chelsea, Laudrup explained: “I talk to all players who are not playing regularly.“I did the same in August. I want to show them that respect and it doesn’t mean I want them to leave.”Graham’s injury-goal sealed a first-leg victory for the Swans at Stamford Bridge, giving them a great chance of winning the semi-final and reaching Wembley.“We’ve had some great wins this season but to beat the European champions is obviously something very special,” said 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Everything in biology can make perfect sense without the darkness of Darwinism. Take a look.PhysOrg wrote up a new video series by MIT scientist Lorna Gibson, a professor of materials science and engineering. An exceptional communicator, Gibson has produced a series of short video clips examining how woodpeckers avoid brain injury. It’s a delightful set, taking the viewer out into the woods and through museum drawers, studying fossils and living specimens on a quest to figure out how all that hard pecking against hard wood doesn’t give the birds a severe headache (or concussion). After all, the birds experience a deceleration of 600 to 1,500 g’s – over 10 times more than what a human can endure (100 g).What’s notable about the article and the video clips is that “evolution” is nowhere mentioned. Apparently Gibson never heard, or doesn’t believe, that “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution.” It’s not that she is a creationist or advocate of intelligent design. She never sings a hymn or prays. There’s no hint of religion at all. She just applies her scientific methods and reasoning to address an interesting question in science and gain understanding about it. Along the way, she conveys a great deal of information about birds, biology, ecology, physics, mathematics, engineering, history and conservation, keeping it fun. The entire 8-part series is on YouTube. Each episode ranges from 2 to 8 minutes.This is an excellent illustration of how to teach science that we recommend highly! You’ll enjoy watching and learning from Dr. Gibson. She’s not flashy or flamboyant; just factual and to the point. The films are nicely edited with good graphics and locations without being ostentatious. Great for home school parents, teachers and nature lovers of all ages.The birds themselves steal the show. What is most delightful is the complete absence of evolutionary storytelling – and that makes perfect sense. We can see kids gaining a real interest in science through this set.Another good science teacher on the internet is Destin of Smarter Every Day. His YouTube videos illustrate science principles in all kinds of fun situations, all Darwin-free. Subscribe and enjoy!(Visited 206 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
30 January 2008Several Indian companies are in talks to invest in the region of R16-billion in metals and automotive projects at South Africa’s Coega industrial development zone, while Chinese companies are showing strong interest in the Eastern Cape’s hottest industrial property.In a statement last Thursday, the Coega Development Corporation (CDC) said that several companies from India and China were looking at the Coega IDZ outside Port Elizabeth to locate their investments.This follows an increased focus on luring investment from the two Asian giants, and according to CDC business development manager Belu Mabandla, it took only a few visits to India and China before they got 15 companies to show “serious intent” to invest in the zone.“Among Indian companies, the total value of investment projects being negotiated exceeds R16-billion and covers the metals and automotive sectors,” the CDC said, adding that three investments from India may be signed during 2008/9.According to the CDC, many Chinese investors view South Africa as a launch pad to the rest of the continent, especially in light of that country’s “Go Africa” strategy.Chinese investors were especially looking at attractive industrial estates for both greenfield projects and merger opportunities with existing local companies.“One of the projects in consideration for the Coega IDZ is large enough to occupy nearly half of the automotive cluster once all phases have been completed,” the CDC said.CDC business development manager Christopher Mashigo said the level of interest from China was beyond his expectations. “There is a high level of optimism about investing in Africa, and most importantly in South Africa”, Mashigo said. “Furthermore Chinese companies understand the concept of an IDZ and what the CDC can offer.“Four to six visits are planned with Chinese companies this year for site visits and discussions regarding the project,” he said.CDC spokesman Ongama Mtimka told The Herald last week that an Indian company, Afro-Asia Steel, had already signed a R75-million project for a steel billets plant at the IDZ.“A record of decision would be formalised soon and the first phase of construction was expected to begin early in the second half of this year,” the paper reported.SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
SharePrint RelatedA photo is worth 1000 finds? – The Mountain of Moonlit Rocks (GC1CB) – Geocache of the WeekJune 18, 2015In “Geocache of the Week”Stonehenge in the Desert — Geocache of the WeekJuly 25, 2018In “Community”Rubik’s Cache (GC5YGFM) – Geocache of the WeekJuly 30, 2015In “Geocache of the Week” I’m expecting Fred and Wilma to walk out at any moment. Photo by geocacher trinamixxOut of the numerous things geocaching has taught me, one of the special skills that has carried over into my day-to-day life has been to look more closely at everything. For example, at first glance, the photo above may just be a pretty picture of another amazing rock formation. However, if you look a little closer, you’ll notice a door…and windows…and a roof. Then you’ll see that it’s a stone house that looks like it came straight out of the Flintstones. Once you see that, you can take an even closer look to find Lameirinha (GC16670), this week’s Geocache of the Week.We’re super excited about this geocache, too! Photo by geocacher acaferreiraThe Casa do Penedo was built in 1974, between four enormous boulders in the northern hills of Portugal. The entire home, except for the doors, windows and roof, is constructed of rock. Inside, a more rustic style prevails with logs for stairs, furniture and railings. While it may sound pretty lush, there’s one caveat: the stone house doesn’t have electricity. Its owners had to use candles (and maybe GPS) to find their way through the halls.The geocache! Photo by geocacher HippocachingThe stone home is amazing, but that’s not all you get see from ground zero. The surrounding hills are dotted with windmills that help create a gorgeous vista. Most of the Found It logs on the geocache’s page mention something about the view. “Magnificent place with spectacular scenery. Also enjoyed seeing the house, fits well in the environment. A cache this in a spectacular location. TFTC Team Ogalo,” said geocacher Ogalo (Translated from Portugese). A log from geocacher Hippocaching reads (also translated from Portugese),”The cache was in a spectacular site! The house, the landscape, windmills, horses are all elements that make it very desirable to cache! While we were out walking by the place we realized that two more teams found the cache! Thank you!”Looking out on the windmills from GZ. Photo by geocacher trinamixx (who took some amazing photos of this geocache)This geocache is all about looking beyond the first thing you see. What special skill has geocaching taught you and what have you found because of it? Tell us in the comments.Continue to explore some of the most engaging geocaches around the globe. Check out all the Geocaches of the Week on the Geocaching blog or view the Bookmark List on Geocaching.com.If you would like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, send an email with your name, comments, the name of the geocache, and the GC code to [email protected] with your Friends:More
David Goldstein is energy program co-director for the National Resources Defense Council in San Francisco. This post was originally published at NRDC Switchboard. The first part of this blog series may be found here. Consumers typically don’t invest in efficiencyMost consumers do not invest in efficiency even when the investment returns 40% annually. If lower prices caused the return to drop to 30% it would not make much difference; similarly if the return increased to 50% due to higher energy prices, it would not mean that everyone would rush to invest. Recall that businesses and consumers who own homes can usually raise capital at a cost of 4%, and even credit card interest rates of 18% are far lower than the return on efficiency.Lower gas prices don’t automatically mean people drive more often or for longer distances.I first noticed the lack of relationship between efficiency and energy price in the 1970s when we were able to obtain information on the efficiency of commercial lighting and of home air conditioners. New York electricity prices were more than ten times higher than those in Seattle, yet a square foot of office space used more energy for lighting in New York. Air conditioner efficiency was not higher in Florida, where they operated long hours, than the national average.More corroboration came soon afterward, when an international study showed that fuel efficiency of cars in Europe was only minimally higher than in the United States, even in the face of gasoline prices much more than double those here. European cars were smaller, so overall gas mileage was better, but for a car of the same size and performance, fuel economy was hardly different.Arguments have also been made that North Americans drive more than other countries of comparable incomes as a result of lower gasoline prices, but more recent studies have shown that variations in neighborhood characteristics (location efficiency) explain the levels of car ownership and usage much better than price. Even this year’s slight increase in miles driven may be more of a response to a growth in housing construction in urban sprawl locations that to the fact that gas is cheaper. All of the studies I have seen of the effect of oil price or fuel economy standards on miles driven ignore the influence of location efficiency, which is a larger influence than price by a large margin. But what about economic theory?The conditions economic theory assumes, and that are needed to make price elasticity work, are broadly missing in the real world. Saving Energy Growing Jobs lists over a dozen of the assumptions needed for theory to predict strong price response that are violated in the real world.I recognize that the fact that energy price doesn’t really affect efficiency violates deeply held beliefs of many people. I encourage them to look at the theory and the evidence in detail, as I do in this book. Economics is not a religion; it is a science. Observing that price does not explain everything is not a heresy, but is a scientific conclusion based on evidence.Occasionally the theory fails to take into account factors that cut the other way. Consider this: in the wake of falling oil prices, the United States was working with Caribbean countries earlier in 2015 to reduce their use of oil, in part by substituting gas-fired power plants for oil. Why is this? It is happening because of fears that tying their economies to the shaky Venezuelan economy through importing its oil increases economic risk. The point is this: in the case of these countries, lower oil prices will mean lower consumption, not higher or even the same.Energy price does affect behavior — people are likely to keep their houses warmer if heating fuel costs less. But conservation — accepting a lower level of comfort or convenience — is not a significant part of climate pollution plans in America or anywhere else in the world. And it is a relatively minor contributor to emissions reductions, as well as being one that can be motivated by other tools than price.Some would argue that high prices help improve the political climate for actions such as fuel economy or tailpipe carbon emission standards, or smart growth urban plans. But we have seen from California’s experience that carbon caps are even more effective at facilitating such highly effective policies far more than high prices. The connection between price and consumptionEconomists usually cannot set up an experiment such as the one described above. Instead, elasticity studies look at datasets of different places or different times, each of which is associated with a price and a level of consumption. The studies look for statistical correlations between price and consumption and the result is a measured elasticity.Statisticians realize that correlation is not causality, and thus they do not provide the certainty needed to address the experimental question of the last paragraph. There are lots of ways that high price is correlated with low consumption that do not allow one to predict that raising prices will result in lowered consumption.First, the causation may go in the other direction. If you have two otherwise identical areas and one has half the electricity consumption of the other, the one with lower consumption will have higher prices because the fixed costs of service have to be amortized over lower sales. (Those fixed costs will be almost identical between both systems — given normal design standards and assumptions, the same level of transmission and distribution capacity will be provided for both systems.)Second, high price and low consumption may both be consequences of something else. For example, one data point for a gasoline price elasticity study is a gas station in Manhattan. The station has some of the highest gas prices and the lowest consumption per household. But why? The gas prices are high because the land values are high in Manhattan as a consequence of high densities of housing (or perhaps it goes the other way around: high land prices cause high densities). But in any case, high density explains both low consumption and high price.There are many other reasons why price and consumption correlations may not imply causality. Ironically, this figure itself shows part of the problem. Even though this figure and the data behind it refute the hypothesis that there is a causative influence of price on consumption, the data for years after 2001 will show both high prices and low consumption relative to other jurisdictions. Thus, the very data that refute nontrivial price elasticities when used in the appropriate context validate a hypothesis of large elasticities when used in the context of conventional price elasticity studies.The California experience is the closest thing to a real experiment (where the plan is to “raise the price of electricity and hold everything else equal and see how future consumption departs from the trend”) as you are ever likely to find in real-world social science.That is a key reason why this result of near-zero elasticity is more credible for the purposes of planning about how best to reduce energy-related air emissions. SummaryAny increase in climate pollution from recent declines in oil price is likely to be small and temporary. In contrast, the setbacks to ill-advised oil production schemes, and to the budgets of countries that contribute to security problems for the U.S., will be large and long-lasting. My previous blog presents arguments for an oil pollution fee, or a carbon fee, on the grounds of economic fairness. Such a fee might also improve the market for lower-emissions fuel sources such as renewable electricity or low-carbon, low-petroleum fuels. But it will not affect consumption much.Reducing the environmental and economic impacts of oil depends much more on the policies that this blog suggests: policies that require continually improving fuel economy as well as cleaner fuels in cars and other vehicles, that provide incentives for clean vehicles that surpass the minimum requirements, and that promote compact walkable communities that require less driving. Low oil prices make many environmentally troublesome oil drilling and oil pipeline projects infeasible as business ventures, but they do not overly encourage consumption of oil, and hardly affect efficiency at all. Here’s why:Energy efficiency is only very weakly affected by utility prices. The same is true for oil, and therefore this year’s dramatically lower oil prices will not increase consumption by very much.For the transportation sector, which is most relevant to oil use and price, some would question this assertion, but every study I have seen, and the data for the last year, lead me to believe that the outcome is the same: price has only a minimal effect on efficiency, and a larger but still modest effect on usage.Looking broadly at markets for oil, the oil price trajectory for the last 40 years is flatly inconsistent with the hypothesis that price affects demand significantly. RELATED ARTICLES Looking in more detail at the market’s recent response to drastically lower oil prices over the past year, the results are less than 5% increases in miles driven over the past year, and even smaller retreats in oil efficiency. Even the retreat that did occur registered as a 1% or 2% increase in fuel economy of new vehicles sold compared to increases of more like 3% per year in previous years. This absence of rebounding demand in the face of lower prices has also been noted by business analysts. It refutes the assumptions that many people have been making (but never based on serious analysis) about the supposed shift to lower-mpg cars or a return to the profligate driving habits of the past. This outcome is, however, in line with what I predicted in an earlier version of this blog in December 2014, before we had data on the response to the initial price decline of the second half of 2014.This is remarkable: oil prices declined by more than 60% (gasoline prices declined by over 35%), and metrics of consumption behavior increased only 5%, while metrics of efficiency decreased by only 1% or 2% percent compared to previous trends (and increased in absolute terms). It is even more remarkable when one considers that other factors are causing driving and SUV sales to increase regardless of oil prices: people are making more money, especially those people in the upper income classes who are able to take driving vacations or to afford SUVs. And SUVs provide a perceived increase in energy services, so increased sales of them is not the same as a decrease in efficiency. An unintended experiment proves near-zero price responsePrice elasticity studies are not reliable guides to use for predicting the consequences of energy price increases because they do not address the issue of causality, as opposed to correlation. There is a good reason why they do not: it is hard to imagine how one would set up an experiment designed to test a hypothesis (as opposed to a set of observations that the scientist does not set up). A good experiment would be to “raise the price of electricity and hold everything else equal and see how future consumption departs from the trend.”Fortunately for these analytic purposes, California inadvertently set up such an experiment, allowing us to determine how consumption changes when energy price suddenly rises by 40% and then stays that high.As a consequence of its experiment with electricity deregulation, California reduced investment in both efficiency and new power plants, creating a serious energy shortage. To deal with the resulting blackouts, the state had to procure expensive new supplies, both conventional and efficiency, and thus to raise its electricity prices by 40%. At the same time, the shortages also prompted the state to strengthen its energy codes and promulgate new appliance and equipment standards, as well as authorizing utilities to acquire more efficiency through their incentive programs.Thus the experiment was fortuitously well designed: to first order prices increased with no major changes in policy (the policy changes that did happen have long lead times before they save much energy), allowing us to isolate purely price effects; and to second order the policy effects would enhance the sought-after price response of lowering consumption. Thus the expected diminution of consumption would be even larger than pure elasticity would predict.What were the results? They are so remarkable that the reader can see them in the chart at right without the need of statistical assistance. It is impossible to pinpoint when the price increase happened from looking at the blue line on the figure. And worse yet for proponents of high elasticities, the actual year of the tariff increase was the year that was followed by the steepest five-year increase in consumption in the figure.When did prices go up? Look only at the blue California line: it’s not possible to tell when prices went up based solely on consumption. Rates went up in late summer 2001, later in the year than the summer peak during which the largest savings were recorded. The first full-year later, and during the subsequent five years, consumption went up slightly more than during the rest of the time period.But wait a second, is this blog trying to say that the hundreds of price elasticity studies that have been done are all (or mostly all) wrong? Not exactly: what this analysis is saying is that they are not correct for the purpose of predicting the consequences of a change in price.And energy modeling is trying to be predictive, so for this purpose we do not care about the correlation of price to consumption but only the causative effect that price has on consumption. Efficiency is not the same thing as conservationEfficiency — the provision of the same level of service, for example the same level of transportation access, the same size and performance of cars — must be distinguished from conservation, which is exemplified by using smaller or slower cars. America has not made much progress at conservation, especially policy-directed conservation, but we have made dramatic improvements over the years in the efficiency of cars, airplanes, refrigerators, air conditioners, and lighting, all as a result of policy, with almost no effect from energy price.Simple economic theory may hold that high energy prices lead to higher levels of efficiency, but more realistic models, both theoretical and empirical, show that energy price has little effect on efficiency. In a mass production economy, the efficiency options available to consumers are limited to what is produced, and what is produced is determined primarily by the efficiency standards and incentives available.This is true both in the transportation sector and in the utility sector. For example, the halogen technology used in current incandescent lamps saves 28% compared to the old technologies. It has been available in principle for decades, but only became available in the marketplace when required by federal standards. This is not just me asserting that the technology only became available due to standards, this is also the judgment of Philips Lighting.This technology makes economic sense at current electricity prices, but would also make sense if electricity prices were less than what they are today. And the more advanced technology — LED lighting — is expected to take off when the cost of a bulb drops below some threshold, say $3, regardless of the value of the savings (which are already greater than $100). Editor’s note: The first blog in this two-part blog series was titled How Low Oil Prices Can Be Good for the Environment. Green Building in the Cheap Energy EraEnergy Predictions for 2012Designing for the FutureU.S. Wind Energy Prices Hit an All-Time LowThe End of Peak Oil?PV Systems Have Gotten Dirt CheapThe Big Allure of Cheap PV
Related Items: Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Jamaica, January 15, 2018 – Montego Bay – Tourism Minister, Hon. Edmund Bartlett, has called for a collective effort to curtail visitor harassment in order to safeguard the industry’s gains and surpass the country’s record-breaking outturns achieved in 2017.“We made history in Jamaica when we welcomed 4.3 million visitors to the island (in 2017). The sector (also generated) approximately US$3 billion in earnings, representing an 11.2 per cent increase (over 2016).“We cannot afford to reverse the gains we have made and continue to make. This is why it is so important to curb the vexing issue of visitor harassment so that our thriving tourism sector can experience further expansion,” the Minister added. He was speaking at the opening ceremony for a sensitization workshop for parish judges at the Montego Bay Convention Centre in St. James on January 13.Mr. Bartlett said visitor harassment remains an issue for the tourism sector and, such, lauded the workshop’s participants for their interest in being sensitized on the issue and how they can help to curb it. He pointed out that the industry, having soared to levels “beyond our wildest imagination” in 2017, must be “protected at all costs”.Mr. Bartlett said despite challenges with visitor harassment, recent surveys indicate that up to 60 per cent of tourists are “very satisfied” with the Jamaican experience, with 42 per cent being repeat visitors.“Our intention is for those numbers to be higher…so we have no room for complacency. The visit should resonate so well with those who land on our soil that they will unhesitatingly give us an A plus rating consistently,” he emphasized.Mr. Bartlett said, in this regard, industry stakeholders have a pivotal role to play in safeguarding the sector, adding that “we have to be very firm in our pledge to decrease incidents of harassment and, over time, see to its elimination”.Release: JIS